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2018/10/22

Aqueduct (Qanats)

The Persian Qanat is an ancient underground water management system used for irrigation in a desert climate. The system was communally managed with the use of water clocks, a just and exact distribution among the shareholding farmers was ensured.
 
Goharriz qanat, Ghasemabad qanat, and Akbarabad have been registered at UNESCO World Heritage Sites that each of them has a unique trait Including length, geographic uniqueness, and features. In fact this twin Qanat is the most water filled twin aqueduct in Iran and certainly the world, therefore, UNESCO has registered it as the heritage of Iranian Qanat by the vote of all its members.The first is registered for its water supply and the two other for being twin qanats .Qanat is one of a series of well-like vertical shafts, connected by gently sloping tunnels. They create a reliable supply of water for human settlements and irrigation in hot, arid and semi-arid climates.
Most of the historians and researchers have attributed the technology of qanat building to Iranians and considered Iran as the birthplace of qanats.


Gowharriz qanat is located in Jopar; it dates before 600 CE and runs for 3560 m with 6 branches and well shafts.

Ghasem Abad is inscribed in the Bam World Heritage property. It is approximately 100 years old and as a relatively new qanat like Akbar Abad demonstrates the survival and continuation of traditional knowledge of the qanat system .Akbar Abad, Kerman/Bam, is located about 20 m from Ghasem Abad, running more-or-less parallel with it and joining at the exit. It is a relatively new qanat age only 100 years and runs for 4811 m, 33 wells. They are very short – with their core zones extending merely to 15ha each. It is noteworthy that these zones actually cross the core zone of the existing Bam inscription which extends south from the Arg to include the “fault area". The executive Summary justifies their inclusion for being two young qanats of Bam which are extraordinary in discharge because of the roots of qanat in Baravat and Bam fault. The complex management of underground irrigation system in Bam leads to an .unbelievable agricultural land use network in harmony with its built area.


 


Reference : Kerman Governor
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