The precious fruit and souvenir of Kerman is pistachio. It is supposed that pistachio tree has been cultivated for 3 to 4 thousand years. The main habitat of pistachio is the Middle East, especially Iran. Kerman has a proper climate for cultivating pistachio( an arid semi-desert climate with long, dry, hot summers, low humidity and cool but not frigid winters).Kerman varieties have good quality with big nut.
Among the best region in Kerman in which pistachio is cultivated are Rafsanjan, Kerman Township, Robat, Ravar, Bardsir, Shahr-e-Babak, Rayen, and Zarand. Rafsanjan is the first place in producing and exporting Iranian pistachio. . Its climate is favorable for pistachio cultivating. Pistachios grown in Rafsanjan are especially popular, and completely identified as top quality pistachio in world markets the types of pistachio in Kerman are Kal-e Ghoochi, Ohadi, Robati, Almond, Squashy, Ravari and MomtaIn. Iran is the largest pistachio producer in the world.
Pistachio has low saturated fat and can be a good source for monounsaturated fatty acids. Daily consumption of about 57 grams of pistachio can decrease blood pressure in the elderlies.