Citadel of Bam
Arg –e Bam is located in east- north of Bam, on the big cliff slop. This castle has been the old city of Bam that formed from four parts and 38 observation guards' towers, the main building materials of this historical monument are plaster of clay and straw. The area of Bam citadel is approximately 180000 square meters (44acers) and it is surrounded by gigantic wall 6-7 meters (20-30ft) high and 1815 meters (5955 ft.) long.
Arg –e bam (Bam citadel) is the world's largest adobe structure in the word that registered by UNESCO organization.
The Bam Citadel rises up like a Phoenix again from the intimating earthquake after being almost destroyed in the 2003 Bam Earthquake. Tracing its origins back to the 6th century BC in the Achaemenied Period, the oasis town and citadel of Bam experienced its golden era in the 7th till 11th centuries when it was one of the key stops on the Silk Route transporting goods between Asia, Europe and the Middle East. By virtue of series of underground irrigation canals, life was able to go on in this inhospitable environment and Bam thrived as a trading Centre – resulting in the Arg-e Bam, the citadel which today is the best (and most photogenic) example of a medieval fortified town built using mud layers (Chineh), sun-dried mud bricks (khesht), and vaulted and domed structures which attracts numerous tourists. The cultural landscape of Bam is an important representation of the interaction between man and nature which retains a rich resource of ancient canalizations, settlements and forts as landmarks and as a tangible evidence of the evolution of the area.
Reference : Kerman Governor
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